The first phase is the Enrichment phase, which provides basic science knowledge and skills, basic ophthalmology theory and practice, basic research methodology and statistics, and medical ethics. Throughout the enrichment phase, students will have a balanced mix of theoretical study, and early exposure in a clinical setting. The student will have case-based discussion, presents literature reading related to anatomy and physiology of the eye and bedside teaching and discussion. Types of assessment used in this phase are oral, multiple-choice questions (MCQ) and Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE) or Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubrics (OSCAR), which are used specifically in phase 1 exams.


The second phase is the Internship phase, which are the core competencies of ophthalmology specialist program. Students are provided with the ability to diagnose and manage the patients in clinics and surgical management including emergency cases under supervision.  In this phase, students will be rotated in 11 sub divisions. To ensure student experience and knowledge, they must perform journal review and literature presentation, case reports and literature review must be completed before conducting a research proposal. Skill lab, wet-lab and video assisted learning to achieve required skill competence this phase. Each rotation will require passing of the assessment which include MCQ, DOPS and Workplace-based Assessment (WBA)/ 360 evaluation. At the end of the phase students also have to pass the OSCE/OSCAR assessment.


The third phase is the Independent phase. At this phase, students are expected to have mastered the core competencies, and to take the role as junior ophthalmologist in satellite hospitals. This phase requires students to perform literature review, research and publication offering the essential theoretical and practical of ophthalmic care at the end of the phase, students are obliged to take the national board examination to assess their competencies. After passing the national board exam and finishing their research, students will graduate as ophthalmologists.